Step 3: Installing flaskr as a Package¶
Flask is now shipped with built-in support for Click. Click provides
Flask with enhanced and extensible command line utilities. Later in this
tutorial you will see exactly how to extend the
flask command line
A useful pattern to manage a Flask application is to install your app
following the Python Packaging Guide. Presently this involves
creating two new files;
MANIFEST.in in the
projects root directory. You also need to add an
file to make the
flaskr/flaskr directory a package. After these
changes, your code structure should be:
/flaskr /flaskr __init__.py /static /templates flaskr.py schema.sql setup.py MANIFEST.in
setup.py file for
flaskr with the following content:
from setuptools import setup setup( name='flaskr', packages=['flaskr'], include_package_data=True, install_requires=[ 'flask', ], )
When using setuptools, it is also necessary to specify any special files
that should be included in your package (in the
In this case, the static and templates directories need to be included,
as well as the schema.
MANIFEST.in and add the following lines:
graft flaskr/templates graft flaskr/static include flaskr/schema.sql
Next, to simplify locating the application, create the file,
flaskr/__init__.py containing only the following import statement:
from .flaskr import app
This import statement brings the application instance into the top-level
of the application package. When it is time to run the application, the
Flask development server needs the location of the app instance. This
import statement simplifies the location process. Without the above
import statement, the export statement a few steps below would need to be
At this point you should be able to install the application. As usual, it
is recommended to install your Flask application within a virtualenv.
With that said, from the
flaskr/ directory, go ahead and install the
pip install --editable .
The above installation command assumes that it is run within the projects
editable flag allows editing
source code without having to reinstall the Flask app each time you make
changes. The flaskr app is now installed in your virtualenv (see output
With that out of the way, you should be able to start up the application.
Do this on Mac or Linux with the following commands in
export FLASK_APP=flaskr export FLASK_DEBUG=true flask run
(In case you are on Windows you need to use
set instead of
FLASK_DEBUG flag enables or disables the interactive debugger.
Never leave debug mode activated in a production system, because it will
allow users to execute code on the server!
You will see a message telling you that server has started along with the address at which you can access it in a browser.
When you head over to the server in your browser, you will get a 404 error because we don’t have any views yet. That will be addressed a little later, but first, you should get the database working.
Externally Visible Server
Want your server to be publicly available? Check out the externally visible server section for more information.
Continue with Step 4: Database Connections.